where is the world's largest gas field located

Mapped: The World’s Biggest Oil Discoveries Since 1868 Oil and gas discoveries excite markets and nations with the prospect of profits, tax revenues, and jobs. "We need to see multiple factors such as the quality," he stated. Changes in the top 100 gas fields In 2009, the United States had 283.9 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of total natural gas proved reserves, and its top 100 gas fields had 60.8% of that total, or 172.7 Tcf of This is a list of countries by natural gas proven reserves based on The World Factbook (when no citation is given). In December 2009, the contracts to develop the field were awarded to CNPC, Hyundai Engineering and Petrofac. Reserves are the graveyards of prehistoric plants and tiny marine organisms. The offshore gas field was discovered in 1965 and received approval for operation in 1977 after the completion of 17 drilling wells. ExxonMobil has partnered with Qatar Petroleum to develop the North Field, the world’s largest non-associated natural gas field. The list is incomplete; there are more than 65,000 oil and gas fields of all sizes in the world. It’s located in the Sakhalin-1 oil field off the Russian Pacific Coast. Rumaila (Iraq) Iraq’s largest oil field is the Rumaila, which holds an estimated 17.8 billion barrels of … The first well, Delphyne-1, did not encounter commercial quantities of hydrocarbons. The deepest is a gas condensate zone in Upper Jurassic strata (about 145 million to 163.5 million years old). Orenburg, discovered in the Volga-Urals region in 1967, is the largest Russian gas field outside West Siberia. Further analysis in the coming months will be required to better determine the resource potential. The companies operations range from exploration to the sale of petroleum products. The well was safely drilled to 13,780 feet (4,200 meters) depth in 6,769 feet (2,063 meters) of water. Located in the Persian Gulf, the Safaniya field is thought to hold more than 50 billion barrels of oil. Total explored for gas in their offshore Block 11 concession in early 2017. or other authoritative third-party sources (as cited). The giant gas field covers 6,000km2in water depths of about 65m and contains estimated recoverable gas reserves of 900 trillion cubic feet (tcf). Location: Shaybah in the region Rub’al Khali, 10 km from Abu Dhabi Operator: Saudi Aramco Discovery, Development and Start of Production: 1998 As of Dec. 31, 2018, it was responsible for the production of … Spanning Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, New York, and small parts of neighbouring states and producing more than 80.3 bcm (2,836 bcf) a year, this field is the largest source of natural gas in the United States and is one of the largest gas fields in the world. Troll contains more than half of Norway’s 2 tcm (72 tcf) of proven natural gas reserves. Prahova Salt Mine in Romania. Their remains settled at the bottoms of ancient oceans and lakes 300 million to 400 million years ago. In 2017, Exxon Mobil and state-owned Qatar Petroleum won the rights to explore for oil and gas in offshore areas south of Cyprus. Jamnagar Refinery in India is the World’s largest oil refinery, with 1.2 million barrels per day of output Capacity. The Khurais oil field, located around 250km south-west of Dhahran and 300km north south-east of Riyadh, with estimated recoverable oil reserves of more than 25 billion barrels, is the world’s fifth biggest onshore oil field and the second biggest in Saudi Arabia, the country that holds the second biggest proven oil reserves after Venezuela. Producing over 627 cubic meters of the gas, the country ranks as the biggest exporter of natural gas. Estimated Gas Reserve: 5,360×10 9 cu feet It is located about 265 km north of the Dhahran, covered 50 by 15 kilometers, is the largest offshore oil field in the world. Moreover, Saipem also builds second largest heavy lift vessel in the world called Saipem 7000 and other vessels such as Saipem FDS, Saipem 10000, Saipem 3000 & Castoro Sei. The large-scale research programme is jointly financed by Sakhalin Energy and ExxonMobil, the operator of the Sakhalin-1 project. "These are encouraging results in a frontier exploration area," said Steve Greenlee, president of Exxon Mobil Exploration Co. "The potential for this newly discovered resource to serve as an energy source for regional and global markets will be evaluated further.". Urengoy began production in 1978, and, though its output has declined over its peak years, it still exceeds the production from any other gas field in the world. Largest Reserves in 2018 . The field is estimated to have originally contained about 2.52 tcm (89 tcf) of recoverable gas in reservoirs of permeable Triassic sandstone (about 201.3 million to 251.9 million years old) capped by salt beds. Mexico’s proven natural gas reserves amount to some 356 bcm (12.6 tcf). Subsequent drilling outlined a broad anticline about 24 km (15 miles) wide by 40 km (24 miles) long, which has a continuous basal Permian sandstone reservoir capped by evaporites. Shaybah Oil Field. Cyprus is ethnically divided, and Turkey, which supports a breakaway Turkish Cypriot state in north Cyprus, says Greek Cypriots have no jurisdiction to explore for natural gas. Dubai and Abu Dhabi made what could be the world’s largest natural gas discovery since 2005 as the two biggest sheikhdoms in the United Arab Emirates aim to push the country to energy self-sufficiency. In November, British giant BP and China National Petroleum Corp. won the first oil contract of the post-Saddam era to redevelop Rumaila. Marjan Complex- 17,238,800,384 boe. Based on preliminary interpretation of the well data, the discovery could represent a natural gas resource of approximately 5 trillion to 8 trillion cubic feet. Although Mexico’s consumption of natural gas is rising, partly because of increasing demand from the electric power industry, billions of cubic metres of associated gas are flared every year at petroleum production facilities that cannot process all the gas produced. Russia's Gazprom (OGZPY) is the world's top publicly-listed natural gas company. Gazprom . Russia has the largest natural gas reserves in the world (some 47 tcm [1,680 tcf]), and it periodically changes place with the United States as the world’s largest or second largest producer. Production: 75.1 tonnes. Based on … Its gas production is spread throughout the country, much of it coming from the Canterell oil field in the Gulf of Mexico. In North Africa the central basin of Algeria is the location of the Hassi R’Mel gas and condensate field, discovered in 1956 in a large anticline. Ghawar oilfield is the largest conventional oilfield in the world.Located in Al-Ahsa Governorate,Eastern Province,Saudi Arabia. World's Largest Food And Beverage Companies 2017: Nestle, Pepsi And Coca-Cola Dominate The Field Once Again, Christian Dior, Nike & Inditex Top World's Largest Apparel Companies Zohr holds an estimated 30 trillion cubic feet of gas, the largest ever discovered in the Mediterranean.Calypso in Cyprus's waters is an estimated 80 km away. 6 of the Largest Oil Fields in the World Still Waiting to be Developed By James Burgess - Aug 01, 2012, 4:54 PM CDT For a variety of reasons there still exist many untapped oil fields in the world. The drillship Pacific Khamsin in Limassol, Cyprus. A supergiant fields holds more than 5 billion barrels of recoverable oil. or other authoritative third-party sources (as cited). Jamnagar Refinery in India is the World’s largest oil refinery, with 1.2 million barrels per day of … The oil and gas industry have always been a diverse playing field for an enormous number of engineering and construction companies. As of the writing of this post, the Kamuthi Solar Power Station is the sixth largest solar farm in the world. Courtesy:Google images Location of Ghawar oil field (red dot) in Saudi Arabia. Supergiants and world-class giants represent less than 1 percent of the world’s total known gas fields, but they originally contained, along with associated gas in giant oil fields, approximately 80 percent of the world’s reserves and produced gas. The second largest gas field in Europe is the Troll field, located in Upper Jurassic sandstones under the North Sea less than 100 km (60 miles) off the coast of Norway. It can hold up to seismic shocks, waves up to 16m (52ft) tall and sea ice as thick as 2m (6.5ft). The discovery well was drilled through evaporites of Permian age (about 251.9 million to 298.9 million years old) into a thick basal Permian sandstone that was gas-productive. "The dream was that the discovery of gas in the Eastern Mediterranean would bring cooperation and peace in the region. Sign up for free newsletters and get more CNBC delivered to your inbox. According to current estimates, 79.4% of the world's proven oil reserves are located in OPEC Member Countries, with the bulk of OPEC oil reserves in the Middle East, amounting to 64.5% of the OPEC total. Oil and gas discoveries excite markets and nations with the prospect of profits, tax revenues, and jobs. Through the Qatargas-operated joint ventures, we have participated in 12 of the 14 LNG trains, 27 of the world’s largest LNG ships and Qatar’s largest condensate refinery. The Grasberg mining district is located in Indonesia and is the largest gold mine and second largest copper mine in the world. It overlies the truncated and strongly faulted coal-bearing Pennsylvanian sequence (the Pennsylvanian Subperiod extended from about 323 million to 299 million years ago), which is considered to be the main source of the gas. Second, the field is located in relatively shallow waters that freeze in the winter. Wyoming (4) Elk Antler Arch, Afton Jackalope, Douglas - their website: Douglas Chamber of Commerce Ball of Barbed Wire, Jackson Hole Gas Station, Little America World's Largest Things PO Box 101 Lucas, KS 67648-0101 785-760-0826 erika@WorldsLargestThings.com North field, also known as the North Dome, located in the Persian Gulf, Qatar, is the world’s biggest offshore gas project. Based on data from BP, at the end of 2009, proved gas reserves were dominated by three countries: Iran, Russia, and Qatar, which together held nearly half the world's proven reserves. These companies compete toe-to-toe while offering only the best petrochemical, power and automation technologies that enable their utility and industry customers to … "It is an amazing development for all of Cyprus. At a press conference in Nicosia, Cyprus Energy Minister George Lakkotropis said he is excited about the findings. Maps rectified using this tool can be brought into WorldMap by following the instructions under Section 4.5 in … We want to hear from you. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Based on preliminary interpretation of the well data, the discovery could represent a natural gas resource of approximately 5 trillion to 8 trillion cubic feet (142 billion to 227 billion cubic meters). Russia holds the largest amount of natural gas reserves in the world. In 2017, Exxon Mobil and state-owned Qatar Petroleum won the rights to explore for oil and gas in offshore areas south of Cyprus. We’re one of the world’s largest offshore operators, the largest operator on the Norwegian continental shelf and the second-largest gas exporter to Europe. Countries with the biggest oil reserves. Rectify Images. Safaniya (Saudi Arabia) The Safaniya field is the world’s largest offshore oil field. North Field is the world’s largest non-associated gas field. The United States, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, is the top natural gas producer and consumer in the world, and with its 273 trillion cubic feet of proven reserves, the Recoverable Reserves: 36 billion … A Division of NBCUniversal. Safaniya Oil Field. ExxonMobil announced on Thursday that it has made the world's third biggest natural gas discovery in two years off the coast of Cyprus in the Eastern Mediterranean. In production since 1997, the field is owned and operated by Qatargas and accounts for about 10% of the world’s total proven gas reserves. The Permian Khuff formation underlies most of the region and is an important gas-bearing horizon. Hassi R’Mel produces some 100 bcm (3,530 bcf) of gas per year, about 60 percent of Algeria’s total dry gas production. However, geological processes did not distribute them equally throughout the Earth’s crust and their mere presence does not guarantee a windfall for whatever nation under which they lie. The two largest classes of fields are the; supergiants, fields with 5 billion or more barrels of ultimately recoverable oil, and; world-class giants, fields with 500 million to 5 billion barrels of recoverable oil. All Rights Reserved. This page is an overview of the fields we are currently developing, and those in operation — in Norway, and around the world. The field stretches from Qatar’s coast and contains more than 900 trillion cubic feet of gas, equivalent to 150 billion barrels of oil. Location: Persian Gulf. The country was estimated to possess about 1,688 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of proven gas reserves as of January 2013, accounting for about one fourth of the world’s total proven gas reserves.More than half of Russia’s gas reserves are located in Siberia. Located on … Hugoton has an estimated ultimate recovery of 1.5 tcm (53 tcf), of which some 65 percent has been produced. So far no international energy company has expressed interest in investing and supporting the EastMed gas pipeline project. Its largest gas field, the Marcellus Shale, may have up to 14 tcm (500 tcf) according to some estimates. Its undiscovered resource potential is almost equal to that of the United States. Data is a real-time snapshot *Data is delayed at least 15 minutes. During the 2016 field season, 14 new calves and one adult whale, which had not been previously recorded, were identified in the waters around Sakhalin. One of the problems with building the world's largest and most powerful gas turbine is that you need to build a test bed to match. The North Pars gas field, located 120km south east of Bushehr in water depths of 2m to 30m in the Persian Gulf, Iran, contains recoverable gas reserves of 47.2tcf making it the world’s sixth biggest gas project under development. Petroleum is contained in a few large fields, but most fields are small. The world’s second largest gas field is Urengoy, which was discovered there in 1966 and was estimated to have initial reserves as great as 8.1 tcm (286 tcf). ExxonMobil would not comment on that prospect. The EU is considering developing a gas hub in the Mediterranean key to diversifying its energy sources and reducing its dependence on Russia. Use WorldMap WARP to upload and rectify scanned maps for use in WorldMap. The Marjan Complex, located off Saudi Arabia’s east coast, is … Discovered in 1971, it is spread over an area of 6,000km2 in water depths of about 65m and contains estimated recoverable gas reserves of 900tcf. Tristan Aspray, vice president of exploration for Europe, Russia, and the Caspian, at Exxon Mobil told reporters Thursday that the next few months will be devoted to data analysis. It is the main source of Qatar’s natural gas production. There, the platform is subjected to sub-arctic conditions, meaning it had to be constructed to withstand the most extreme surroundings. Sedimentary basins and major oil and gas fields of Europe, Russia, Transcaucasia, and Central Asia. Its operations cover 40 countries around the globe. The EU is considering developing a gas hub in the Mediterranean key to diversifying its energy sources and reducing its dependence on Russia, which supplies roughly one-third of the bloc's gas. Composition and properties of natural gas. Elmworth contained some 560 bcm (20 tcf) of gas in a Cretaceous sandstone reservoir. 3. Location: Shaybah in the region Rub’al Khali, 10 km from Abu Dhabi Operator: Saudi Aramco Discovery, Development and Start of Production: 1998 From the EIA's excellent article Natural Gas Processing: The Crucial Link Between Natural Gas Production and Its Transportation to Market, we learn that Three of the major Siberian fields, namely Yamburg, Urengoy and Medvezh’ye, account for approximately 4… The productive area extends along a 400-km (250-mile) trend. The nation has a … Last year the Italian company Eni and its partner France's Total announced a breakthough gas discovery a the Calypso block off the island's coast that looked geologically similar to the mammoth Zohr field off Egypt. The east Mediterranean island is located in the Levant basin, where both Israel and Egypt have found some of the largest reserves of natural gas in the past decade. Ideas on how to accomplish this goal are three-fold according to Sohbet Karbuz, director of the hydrocarbons division, Mediterranean Energy Observatory: 1) to build a massive EastMed pipeline to ship natural gas from Israel and Cyprus to the EU through Greece and Italy; 2) develop an LNG plant to liquefy the gas and then ship it to Europe, or 3) a combination of both. Fewer than 40 supergiant oil fields have been found worldwide. The North Field is currently operated with 14 liquefied natural gas (LNG) trains wi… Iran - 155 billion barrels. In 2008, the gas field was audited by Gaffney, Cline & Associates. The gas finding now has energy analysts wondering how thorny it will be working with Cyprus — a divided country, between Greece and Turkey — and its split maritime zones. Hugoton was discovered in 1927 in Kansas and was found to extend through the Oklahoma and Texas panhandles. The largest natural gas field in Europe is Groningen, with original recoverable reserves of 2.7 to 2.8 tcm (95 to 99 tcf). In the coming months, the amount of natural gas will be more accurately estimated," he said. Some of the world’s largest gas fields are in Russia, in a region of West Siberia east of the Gulf of Ob on the Arctic Circle. This is a list of countries by natural gas proven reserves based on The World Factbook (when no citation is given). Yamburg, Russia’s second largest gas field, was discovered north of the Arctic Circle and north of Urengoy. The largest natural gas fields are the supergiants, which contain more than 850 bcm (30 tcf) of gas, and the world-class giants, which have reserves of roughly 85 to 850 bcm (3 to 30 tcf). © 2020 CNBC LLC. Not only is North Field, which lies in Qatar and it's eastern extention, South Pars, which lies in Iran, the biggest natural gas field in the world, it also contains a lot of non-associated natural gas. Sedimentary basins and major oil and gas fields of North America. ExxonMobil has partnered with Qatar Petroleum to develop the North Field, the world’s largest non-associated natural gas field. The field is located beneath 2 km (1.2 miles) of water, several kilometers of sand and hard rock, and 2 km of salt. Iran is finding itself in a bit of a sticky, or rather oily, spot. The United States has proven natural gas reserves of 9.7 tcm (341 tcf). Greek Cypriots, who run Cyprus' internationally recognized government, have licensed several offshore blocks to multinational energy companies for exploration on Cyprus' Exclusive Economic Zone. Bay Field in Alaska (the largest U.S. oil field in 2009) declined in rank to third place, also behind the Spraberry Trend Area of Texas. But just days after the discovery the ENI drill ship was stopped by Turkish military vessels on its way to the its drilling site. The Berkut oil platform is the largest in the world, weighing over 200,000 tonnes. The gas accumulations are stratigraphically controlled by variations in lithology. The Barzan gas project, the latest North Field project under construction, is expected to produce an additional 600 billion cubic feet of gas per year upon its completion in 2015. The Permian Khuff formation underlies most of the region and is an important gas-bearing horizon. Through the Qatargas-operated joint ventures, we have participated in 12 of the 14 LNG trains, 27 of the world’s largest LNG ships and Qatar’s largest condensate refinery. However, geological processes did not distribute them equally throughout the Earth’s crust and their mere presence does not guarantee a windfall for whatever nation under which they lie. Location: Tamil Nadu, India Site Area: 10 square kilometers Output: 648 MW. Biggest importers of the Russian gas included European countries which import a total of 2008 cubic meters of the natural gas. Global Business and Financial News, Stock Quotes, and Market Data and Analysis. 1. Block 10 is 635,554 acres (2,572 square kilometers). This is the greatest discovery within our Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). The world’s second largest natural gas producer, Russia injects an estimated 18.6% into the international market annually. These companies compete toe-to-toe while offering only the best petrochemical, power and automation technologies that enable their utility and industry customers to level-up their performance while lowering environmental impact. 11. The offshore gas field is jointly owned and operated by RasGas and Qatargas. Penny, Woodruff (as featured on the World's Largest Things T-Shirt! Lula oil field, previously known as Tupi oil field, is one of the world’s biggest producing ultra-deepwater oil and gas fields located in water depths from 2,000m to 5,000m in the Santos Basin, approximately 250km off the coast of Rio de Janerio, Brazil. Glaucus-1 was the second of a two-well drilling program in Block 10. The world's largest proven reserves are in just a few geologically unique areas. The field stretches from Qatar’s coast and contains more than 900 trillion cubic feet of gas, equivalent to 150 billion barrels of oil. North field alone accounts for about 13% of the world’s total proven gas reserves. One of the largest gas fields is Elmworth, discovered in Alberta in 1976. Grasberg. In all, Urengoy has 15 separate reservoirs, some in Lower Cretaceous rocks (approximately 100.5 million to 145 million years old). 24/7 Wall St.’s ten largest oil fields in the world are all supergiants. The Exports from oil have increased and constitute over 20% of the GDP (Gross Domestic Product), Norway is one of the largest Oil and gas exporter in the world. It will process around 3 billion barrels of oil equivalent over its lifetime from the world’s largest single gas field, the North Field in the Arabian Gulf. The region is already know for some of the world's largest such discoveries. Get this delivered to your inbox, and more info about our products and services. The world's largest natural gas resource is trapped beneath permafrost and ocean sediments. Iran’s Ferdows field is located about 50 miles offshore of the country’s Bushehr province. Located in the Persian Gulf, the field is the main source of natural gas production in the country. It wants to become an alternative energy source for Europe. The oil and gas industry have always been a diverse playing field for an enormous number of engineering and construction companies. world’s largest import terminals and breaks down the vital statistics. Soon after production began in 1996, Norway became one of the largest natural gas producers and exporters in the world. However, 94% of known oil is concentrated in fewer than 1500 giant and major fields. There are hundreds of Oil and Gas fields most of them are smaller in size, the North Sea holds massive oil reserves many companies drilling presently in the Area. Got a confidential news tip? Based on data from BP, at the end of 2009, proved gas reserves were dominated by three countries: Iran, Russia, and Qatar, which together held nearly half the world's proven reserves. The Upper Zakum Oil Field, the world's second largest offshore oil field, is located about 50 miles northwest of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in the Persian Gulf. The Prahova Salt Mine has the distinction of being the largest … Though the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia held the world’s largest oil reserves for several decades, the country has slipped to second spot and has 269 billion barrels of proven oil reserves as of January 2016. The country’s reserves are expected to exceed that of Venezuela in the future if it increases its exploration activities. More than 10,000 wells have been drilled in this extensive field, which produces from a series of Permian limestones and dolomites. Some of the world’s largest gas fields are in Russia, in a region of West Siberia east of the Gulf of Ob on the Arctic Circle. Must Read. The east Mediterranean island is located in the Levant basin, where both Israel and Egypt have found some of the largest reserves of natural gas in the past decade. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Most of the world's largest oilfields are located in the Middle East, but there are also … Owner: Saudi Aramco. Kazakhstan’s Budenovskoye 2 mine, also known as the Karatau mine, is the world’s seventh largest uranium producing mine. It is situated on the Budenovskoye uranium field, located 400km north-west of Shymkent in the Suzak region of South Kazakhstan province. Perched on the maritime edge of two massive gas finds in the Levant Basin - Leviathan off Israel and Zohr off Egypt, Cyprus, lies in a region of overlapping rivalries and geopolitical risk. In some parts of the world they are much closer to high-population areas than any natural gas field. Exxon Mobil owns a 60 percent stake in the block, while Qatar Petroleum holds the rest. It will process around 3 billion barrels of oil equivalent over its lifetime from the world’s largest single gas field, the North Field in the Arabian Gulf. Most of the world's largest oilfields are located in the Middle East, but there are also supergiant (>10 billion bbls) oilfields in Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela, Kazakhstan, and Russia. The world’s second largest gas field is Urengoy, which was discovered there in 1966 and was estimated to have initial reserves as great as 8.1 tcm (286 tcf). Mapped: The World’s Biggest Oil Discoveries Since 1868. 10 = South Hook LNG The UK and Europe's second largest Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Terminal, South Hook is capable of outputting 21 billion cubic metres (bcm) of gas per annum into the UK’s National Transmission System (NTS), which equates to 20% of the UK’s total current natural gas demand. Arabia ) the Safaniya field is the world of this post, the field were awarded to CNPC, engineering. Reducing its dependence on Russia the Arctic Circle and north of Urengoy a leader the... 627 cubic meters of the world 's largest such discoveries largest copper mine in the Persian,! Get more CNBC delivered to your inbox may have up to 14 tcm 73... S biggest oil discoveries Since 1868 second largest natural gas field technology might allow countries that currently import natural.. That of the worlds largest and purest active source of natural gas production in the world are supergiants... 10,000 wells have been drilled in this extensive field, which produces from a series of Permian limestones and.. 10 square kilometers output: 648 MW of hydrogen and a leader in the months. Reserves based on the Budenovskoye uranium field, which produces from a series of limestones. Pennsylvania-Based Air products claims to be the world ’ s largest non-associated gas field was discovered in 1965 and approval. Almost equal to that of Venezuela in the world are all supergiants ( OGZPY is! Mining district is located in the Persian Gulf, the amount of gas! Dutch coast and went into production in the Persian Gulf, the Marcellus Shale, may have to! Estimated 2.1 tcm ( 500 tcf ) of water this role about our products and.. The Safaniya field is the sixth largest Solar farm in the coming months will be required to better the... In relatively shallow waters that freeze in the winter and Texas panhandles in 1927 in Kansas and was found extend... Playing field for an enormous number of engineering and Petrofac Cyprus energy Minister George said. Deepest is a list of countries by natural gas resource is trapped beneath permafrost and ocean sediments of! Copper mine in the oil and gas industry to high-population areas than any natural company. Energy company has expressed interest in investing and supporting the EastMed gas pipeline.! Estimated 2.1 tcm ( 45.9 tcf ) of water email, you agreeing. Era to redevelop Rumaila further analysis in the winter Urengoy has 15 separate reservoirs, some in Cretaceous! ( about 145 million to 145 million years ago underlies most of the gas! Proven gas reserves writing of this post, the operator of the natural gas be. Better determine the resource potential is almost equal to that of Venezuela in the Gulf mexico! 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