how to make ammonium perchlorate composite propellant

It is very a good propellant with high performance : high specific impulse (300s average against 160s for rocket candy), high thrust and is not very expensive. box 302, frenchtown, mt, us, 59834; the specific impulse of a castable composite propellant. Author links open overlay panel Cheng Long a Yang Hongtao b Yang Yue a Li Yifan a Meng Yingyi a Li Yanchun a Song Dongming a Chen Houhe a Ramón Artiaga c. Show more. Ammonium perchlorate ("AP") is an inorganic compound with the formula NH 4 ClO 4. Manufacture of ammonium perchlorate began in the 1940s, primarily for use by the defense industry and later by the aerospace industry. AP should be kept in plastic or glass bottles, away from any combustible and flammable materials. Disposal. To finish, extract the perchlorate and let it dry in the sun. composite ammonium nitrate based propellants . The nozzle dimensions are calculated to maintain a design chamber pressure, while producing thrust from the exhaust gases. Storage. Ammonium perchlorate is harmful if ingested or inhaled. APCP is the propellant of the Space Shuttle's solid booster and it stands for Ammonium Perchlorate Composite Propellant. ... composite potassum perchlorate based propellants . However I accept that there may be definitions specific to the description of Ammonium Perchlorate Composite Propellant. Propellant The grain behaves like a solid mass, burning in a predictable fashion and producing exhaust gases. • These separate lines of research led from development of the Polaris and Minuteman missiles to development of the large solid-rocket motors on AP is a strong oxidizer and may explode if heated in the presence of a fuel. Its instability has involved it in a number of accidents, such as the PEPCON disaster Ammonium perchlorate composite propellant (APCP) is a modern solid rocket propellant used in both manned and unmanned rocket vehicles. The propellant they used was 21 percent aluminum, 59 percent ammonium perchlorate, and 20 percent plasticized polyvinyl chloride. Ammonium perchlorate, an oxidizer, is the most prevalent form of this compound; has been widely used in solid propellants, fireworks, and flares; and is a constituent of many munition components. galcit alt 161 aeroplex k i aeroplex k ii aeroplex k iii aeroplex k iv. Introduce, either ammonium or potassium chloride in the solution and the corresponding salt will precipitate out as their solubility is very low compared to sodium perchlorate. It is a colorless or white solid that is soluble in water. It differs from many traditional solid rocket propellants, such as black powder, not only in chemical composition and overall performance, but also by the nature of how it is processed. It is a powerful oxidizer. Flame structure and burning rate for an ammonium perchlorate composite propellant depend in large part on three factors: ammonium perchlorate particle size, propellant formulation, and pressure. Ammonium perchlorate can be destroyed by mixing it with a fuel and carefully burn the mixture. whistling propellants . APCP is cast into shape, as opposed to powder … Propellant burning rate is known to be linked to the microscale flame structures located just above the propellant surface. Ammonium perchlorate composite propellant - Wikipedia Preparation of B/Nitrocellulose/Fe particles and their effect on the performance of an ammonium perchlorate propellant. Combined with a fuel, it can be used as a rocket propellant. People talk of "solids" and "binder", kind of classifying the binder as other than solid. 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